Dicas SCJP

Direto do site da Kathy Sierra:

* Two top-level public classes cannot be in the same source file.
* main() cannot call an instance (non-static) method.
* Methods can have the same name as the constructor(s).
* Watch for thread initiation with classes that don’t have a run() method.
* Local classes cannot access non-final variables.
* Case statements must have values within permissible range.
* Watch for Math class being an option for immutable classes.
* instanceOf is not the same as instanceof.
* Constructors can be private.
* Assignment statements can be mistaken for a comparison; e.g., if(a=true)…
* Watch for System.exit() in try-catch-finally blocks.
* Watch for uninitialized variable references with no path of proper initialization.
* Order of try-catch-finally blocks matters.
* main() can be declared final.
* -0.0 == 0.0 is true.
* A class without abstract methods can still be declared abstract.
* RandomAccessFile descends from Object and implements DataInput and DataOutput.
* Map does not implement Collection.
* Dictionary is a class, not an interface.
* Collection (singular) is an Interface, but Collections (plural) is a helper class.
* Class declarations can come in any order (e.g., derived first, base next, etc.).
* Forward references to variables gives a compiler error.
* Multi-dimensional arrays can be “sparse” — i.e., if you imagine the array as a matrix, every row need not have the same number of columns.
* Arrays, whether local or class-level, are always initialized
* Strings are initialized to null, not empty string.
* An empty string is not the same as a null reference.
* A declaration cannot be labelled.
* continue must be in a loop (e.g., for, do, while). It cannot appear in case constructs.
* Primitive array types can never be assigned to each other, even though the primitives themselves can be assigned. For example, ArrayofLongPrimitives = ArrayofIntegerPrimitives gives compiler error even though longvar = intvar is perfectly valid.
* A constructor can throw any exception.
* Initializer blocks are executed in the order of declaration.
* Instance initializers are executed only if an object is constructed.
* All comparisons involving NaN and a non-NaN always result in false.
* Default type of a numeric literal with a decimal point is double.
* int and long operations / and % can throw an ArithmeticException, while float and double / and % never will (even in case of division by zero).
* == gives compiler error if the operands are cast-incompatible.
* You can never cast objects of sibling classes (sharing the same parent).
* equals() returns false if the object types are different. It does not raise a compiler error.
* No inner class can have a static member.
* File class has no methods to deal with the contents of the file.
* InputStream and OutputStream are abstract classes, while DataInput and DataOutput are interfaces.

Abraços e bons estudos!!!
João Sávio

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